The Indo-Pacific region has emerged as the new epicentre of geopolitical competition, due to the growth of the Asian economies and particularly of the People’s Republic of China. The struggle over the future of Asia will define the 21st century for the rest of the world, like the struggle over Europe defined the 20th century. Europeans have begun their own tilt towards the Indo-Pacific. It remains unclear, however, what specific role Europeans should play in the Indo-Pacific. The HCSS “Europe in the Indo-Pacific Hub (EIPH)” facilitates such exchanges, establishing an international knowledge network of experts, practitioners, business representatives and journalists across Europe, South, East, and Southeast Asia, as well as East-Africa, the Middle East, and the US to discuss the future of the maritime commons in the Indo-Pacific.
Maritime security and the role of European navies
Maritime security in the Indo-Pacific is of high importance to European states. As most European trade is seaborne, guarding the sea lines of communication and protecting international legal frameworks are necessary to maintain prosperity and uphold the existing international order – especially for smaller, trade-dependent states like the Netherlands. A European naval presence between European and Asian ports can protect European trade and signals that European interests are at stake. Yet European naval capacity is limited, with few ships available for deployments across such a vast region, especially following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. How can European states make smarter and effective use of their capabilities within those constraints and limit economic vulnerabilities? The HCSS Europe in the Indo-Pacific Hub, explores several options, including rotational deployments, basing arrangements, and task specializations. We examine the strategic logic and limits of a European naval presence in the Indo-Pacific, and specifically which frameworks and partnerships are the most effective.
Shifting value chains between Asia and Europe
For Europe the importance of seaborne trade in the Indo-Pacific for Europe is hard to overstate. Resources required for the energy transition and digital technologies, like critical raw materials, come largely from China. Europe’s fossil fuels, such as crude oil and liquified natural gas, come partially from the Gulf Kingdoms. Europe’s digital economy entirely relies on advanced semiconductors, produced in Taiwan and South-Korea. Semiconductor manufacturing relies on silicon wafers produced in Japan, South Korea, Taiwan and the European Union. End products, such as electric cars, solar panels, iPhones and medicine, are in large quantities imported from China. As great power rivalry intensifies and states shift into geopolitical blocs, the efforts of states to achieve greater economic self-sufficiency and ensure energy security picks up pace. Consequently, the value chains crossing the waters of the Indo-Pacific are shifting. Within the HCSS Europe in the Indo-Pacific Hub, we look at the growing competition between states over high-end technologies, vital resources and value chains. We examine the strategies that European states can employ to make our modern economies more resilient during times of increased insecurity on climate, energy and trade.
EIPH products: research reports, essays, workshops and discussions
The HCSS Europe in the Indo-Pacific Hub engages multiple activities. First, we produce research reports and commentary on current affairs.
Second, we bring together researchers, experts, and policymakers from Europe, Asia, and the US in workshops and edited volumes.
Lastly, we organise public and private events and seminars to discuss ongoing developments.
Key Reports by HCSS analysts
Reaching breaking point: The semiconductor and critical raw material ecosystem at a time of great power rivalry
Strengthening deterrence against nuclear, conventional, and hybrid threats: Strengths, Weaknesses, and Insights for US Allies in Europe and Asia
Workshops, Round Tables, Seminars and Key Note Speeches
More on the Initiative
De Strateeg: Hoe de EU-balanceeract tussen China en de Verenigde Staten steeds lastiger wordt in de Indo-Pacific
Catch up on the latest Europe in the Indo-Pacific Hub paper series: Assessing Europe’s naval presence
Event | Climate security in the Indo-Pacific: How can Europe contribute? Dutch-French Dialogues on the Indo-Pacific
Expert session at HCSS with Professor Stephan Frühling on alliance dynamics and integrated deterrence in the Indo-Pacific
Event | How can Europe contribute to maritime security in the Indo-Pacific? Dutch-French dialogues on the Indo-Pacific
Re-Watch Seminar | Economic and maritime security in the Indo-Pacific: Connection between Europe and East Asia
New Snapshot | Capability and Ambition Mismatch in the Indo-Pacific: A Middle Power Strategy for the EU
Transatlantic Policy Forum | HCSS analyst Benedetta Girardi joins panel on ‘Aligning on Geopolitical Strategies: From Trans-Atlantic to Indo-Pacific’
Carré | India en de Russische invasie van Oekraïne: De ‘India First’ politiek van de BJP-partij en de betekenis daarvan voor het Westen
Joris Teer in het FD: Hoelang kan Nederland zich afzijdig houden van de Amerikaanse chipoorlog tegen China?
Jagannath Panda in The Diplomat | India and the Kindleberger Trap: Multipolarity Amid the Taiwan Crisis
New Snapshot: India’s approach to the Russian Invasion of Ukraine: An Example of the BJP’s ‘India First’ Thinking and What it Means for the West
Jagannath Panda in Japan Forward: [Asia’s Next Page] Saving Sri Lanka: Can India and Japan Lead the Way?
Lucia van Geuns in De Volkskrant: China en India importeren veel meer Russische olie. Zijn de sancties zinloos?
Jagannath Panda testified before the US-China Economic & Security Review Commission of the US Congress
Column: Don’t knock yourself out: How America can turn the tables on China by giving up the fight for command of the seas
“All-In or All-Out: Why Insularity Pushes and Pulls American Grand Strategy”, Paul van Hooft publishes article on US grand strategy and Sino-American competition
Webinar | Preventing Conflict in the Indo-Pacific: Cooperation between Europe and Japan
Bureau Buitenland |Wat betekent het Taiwan-conflict voor de rest van de wereld?
De Strateeg: China’s ontembare militaire ambities
De Strateeg : Verpest China de Amerikaans-Europese vriendschap?
Paul van Hooft
- The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies
- Lange Voorhout 1
- 2514 EA The Hague
- The Netherlands
- Telephone: +31(70) 318 48 40
- E-mail: email@example.com
- IBAN NL10INGB0666328730
- BIC INGBNL2A
- VAT NL.8101.32.436.B01