Senior Fellow

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Dr. Alexander Klimburg is Senior Fellow at HCSS. He currently serves as the Head of the Centre for Cybersecurity at the World Economic Forum.

Previously, he was the Director of the Cyber Policy and Resilience Program at The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies and the Director of the Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace Initiative and Secretariat. He is also a Senior Associate at the Center for Strategic and International Studies and an Associate Fellow at the Austrian Institute of European and Security Policy.

Dr. Klimburg has researched and advised on numerous policy topics within the wider field of international cybersecurity since 2007. He has given testimony and acted as an adviser to a number of governments and international organizations on national cybersecurity strategies, international norms of behavior in cyberspace and cyber-conflict (including war, cyber-crime, and cyber-espionage), critical infrastructure protection, and Internet governance. He has participated in international and intergovernmental discussions inter alia within the UN, EU, OSCE, and G20. He has been a member of various national, international, NATO, and EU policy and working groups as well as advisory boards, has given dozens of invited talks and regularly participates and organizes track 1.5 diplomatic initiatives as well as information security research groups. He is author and editor of numerous books, research papers, and commentaries and has often been featured in the international media, including BBC, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, and others. His most recent book The Darkening Web: The War for Cyberspace was published by Penguin Press and called “a prescient and important book” in the New York Review of Books.

Previously he held appointments as a Fellow and Associate of Harvard University Kennedy School Belfer Center and an Affiliate of the Berkman Klein Center, as well as a nonresident Senior Fellow with the Atlantic Council.  He is a graduate of the School of Oriental and African Studies and the London School of Economics (both University of London) as well as the University of Vienna.


The Darkening Web: The War for Cyberspace

Synergies between the civilian and the defence cybersecurity markets

European Commission | June 2016

Cyber Security Capacity Building: Developing Access

NUPI | September 2015 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg, Hugo Zylberberg

Cyber Attack Information System

Springer | May 2015 | Authors: Thomas Bleier, Helmut Leopold, Florian Skopik, Alexander Klimburg, Philipp Mirtl

Council of Foreign Relations: “Two Years Later, the EU’s Cybersecurity Strategy Stumbles Forward”

Council of Foreign Relation | February 2015 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg

America has a much bigger cyber problem on its hands

The National Interest | January 2015 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg

Building a Pluralist Future for the Internet

Atlantic Council | September 2014 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg

Shades of Cyber Grey – Espionage and Attack in Cyberspace

The Fletcher Forum | September 2014 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg

Roots-Unknown: Cyberconflict Past, Present and Future

Sicherheit und Frieden (Security and Peace) | January 2014 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg

Mapping the Internet Terrain

Research Note for Annenberg School, University of Pennsylvania | January 2014 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg, Philipp Mirtl, Snezana Gjorgieva

Mediating Security: Comprehensive Approaches to an Ambigious Subject Festschrift for Otmar Hoell

Peter Lang | October 2013 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg, Jan Pospisil

Watering the Grass Roots

Multistakeholder Diaologue (MIND) 6th edition | October 2013 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg

Commentary: The Internet Yalta

Center for a New American Security | February 2013 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg

National Cyber Security Framework Manual

NATO CCD-CoE | December 2012 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg, Melissa Hathaway, Jason Healey, Eric Luiijf, Gustav Lindstrom

Gesamstaatliche Ansäzte zur Cybersicherheit : Erfahrungen aus Österreich 

Strategie und Sicherheit 2012 | January 2012 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg

Building Confidence in Cyberspace

New Europe, Special Edition “Cyber Security” | May 2011 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg

Lessons from the Comprehensive Approach for Whole of Nation Cybersecurity (Boots, Suits, Sandals and Spooks)

per Concordiam, NATO, Journal of European Security and Defense Issues | 2011 |Authors: Alexander Klimburg

RECIPE: Recommended Elements for Critical Infrastructure Protection in Europe (Contributor)

TNO Den Haag | 2011 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg

Ruling the Domain: (Self) Regulation and Security of the Internet

ICANN Study Group | 2011 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg

The Whole of Nation in Cyberpower

Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, special issue: International Engagement on Cyber: Establishing International Norms and Improved Cybersecurity | 2011 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg

Cyberspace and Cyberpower: Concepts, Capabilities and Conditions for Action within the EU

Study for European Parliament, AFET/SEDE | 2011 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg, Heli Tiirmaa-Klaar

Mobilising Cyber Power

Survival (Volume 53, issue 1), International Institute of Strategic Studies | 2011 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg

Inside Cyber Warfare by Jeff Carr (sub-chapter)

O’Reilly Media | 2010; 2nd edition 2011 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg