Alexander Klimburg

Director, Cyber Policy and Resilience Program

Alexander Klimburg is Director Cyber Policy and Resilience Program at HCSS, and an associate (and former research fellow) of the Science Technology and Public Policy Program and Cyber Security Project at the Harvard Kennedy School's Belfer Center.

Mr. Klimburg is also a nonresident senior fellow with the Atlantic Council, and an associate fellow at the Austrian Institute of European and Security Policy.
Alexander has worked on numerous topics within the wider field of international cybersecurity since 2007. He has acted as an adviser to a number of governments and international organizations on national cybersecurity strategies, international norms of behavior in cyberspace and cyber-conflict (including war, cyber-crime, and cyber-espionage), critical infrastructure protection, and internet governance. He has participated in international and intergovernmental discussions within the European Union and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe and has been a member of various national, international, NATO, and EU policy and working groups. He has given dozens of invited talks and regularly participates and organizes track 1/1.5 diplomatic initiatives as well as technical research groups. He is author and editor of numerous books, research papers, and commentaries and has often been featured in the international media, including in Newsweek, Reuters, and others.
Previously, Mr. Klimburg worked for eight years in Vienna as senior adviser at the Austrian Institute of International Affairs and has been closely involved in a number of European cybersecurity policy initiatives. Prior to this, Alexander worked on ICT strategy issues in corporate finance and strategy consulting in Europe and Asia.

A graduate (1st class degree) of the School of Oriental and African Studies and the London School of Economics, he is currently a Ph.D. candidate at the University of Vienna. He is a member of the International Institute of Strategic Studies.

Mr. Klimburg's current research focuses on reconciling norms of state behavior in international cyber security with the ongoing dialogue within internet governance, in particular with the role of nonstate actors. Within this context, he is currently writing a book on the various conflicting aspects of international cybersecurity, to be published by Penguin Press in 2016. 

Publications:

The Darkening Web: The War for Cyberspace
Synergies between the civilian and the defence cybersecurity markets
European Commission | June 2016 
Cyber Security Capacity Building: Developing Access
NUPI | September 2015 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg, Hugo Zylberberg
Cyber Attack Information System
Springer | May 2015 | Authors: Thomas Bleier, Helmut Leopold, Florian Skopik, Alexander Klimburg, Philipp Mirtl
Council of Foreign Relations: "Two Years Later, the EU’s Cybersecurity Strategy Stumbles Forward"
Council of Foreign Relation | February 2015 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg
America has a much bigger cyber problem on its hands
The National Interest | January 2015 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg
Building a Pluralist Future for the Internet
Atlantic Council | September 2014 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg
Shades of Cyber Grey – Espionage and Attack in Cyberspace
The Fletcher Forum | September 2014 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg
Roots-Unknown: Cyberconflict Past, Present and Future
Sicherheit und Frieden (Security and Peace) | January 2014 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg
Mapping the Internet Terrain
Research Note for Annenberg School, University of Pennsylvania | January 2014 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg, Philipp Mirtl, Snezana Gjorgieva
Mediating Security: Comprehensive Approaches to an Ambigious Subject Festschrift for Otmar Hoell
Peter Lang | October 2013 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg, Jan Pospisil 
Watering the Grass Roots
Multistakeholder Diaologue (MIND) 6th edition | October 2013 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg
Commentary: The Internet Yalta
Center for a New American Security | February 2013 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg
National Cyber Security Framework Manual
NATO CCD-CoE | December 2012 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg, Melissa Hathaway, Jason Healey, Eric Luiijf, Gustav Lindstrom
Gesamstaatliche Ansäzte zur Cybersicherheit : Erfahrungen aus Österreich 
Strategie und Sicherheit 2012 | January 2012 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg
Building Confidence in Cyberspace
New Europe, Special Edition "Cyber Security" | May 2011 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg
Lessons from the Comprehensive Approach for Whole of Nation Cybersecurity (Boots, Suits, Sandals and Spooks)
per Concordiam, NATO, Journal of European Security and Defense Issues | 2011 |Authors: Alexander Klimburg
RECIPE: Recommended Elements for Critical Infrastructure Protection in Europe (Contributor)
TNO Den Haag | 2011 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg
Ruling the Domain: (Self) Regulation and Security of the Internet
ICANN Study Group | 2011 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg
The Whole of Nation in Cyberpower
Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, special issue: International Engagement on Cyber: Establishing International Norms and Improved Cybersecurity | 2011 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg
Cyberspace and Cyberpower: Concepts, Capabilities and Conditions for Action within the EU
Study for European Parliament, AFET/SEDE | 2011 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg, Heli Tiirmaa-Klaar
Mobilising Cyber Power
Survival (Volume 53, issue 1), International Institute of Strategic Studies | 2011 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg
Inside Cyber Warfare by Jeff Carr (sub-chapter)
O'Reilly Media | 2010; 2nd edition 2011 | Authors: Alexander Klimburg

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