Liberal Western democracies have been too complacent when it comes to dealing with contemporary hybrid adversaries. We have been following rather than leading. It’s time to seize back the strategic initiative, but how do we do that?
In this new joint HCSS/TNO paper, Tim Sweijs and Samo Zilincik argue that Western democracies can and should develop a strategic deterrent posture in an age of hybrid conflict. Based on an extensive review of cross domain deterrence theory and practice, they offer four recommendations to policymakers:
- maintain strong monitoring capabilities to expose hybrid actions in a timely fashion;
- develop options for proportionate responses to inappropriate behavior;
- showcase intent and capabilities to adversaries with clear guidelines when transgressions will be punished;
- review and refine the legal framework for hybrid deterrence options;
Would you like to know more? Download the report here, or click on the PDF button on the top of this page.