In collaboration with TNO, we present this booklet on trends and developments in hybrid conflicts set to shape 2020 and beyond.
Hybrid threats are one of the main security challenges Western democracies currently struggle with. Hybrid threats are in the news, mostly framed or wrapped in specific ‘hybrid’ phenomena such as disinformation, foreign meddling in elections and cyber hacks. Meanwhile, instruments and technologies that drive these threats develop with ever increasing speed.
This horizon scan, based on literature and media scanning, expert sessions and information exchanges with international peer institutes, captures important current and emerging trends and developments in hybrid conflicts and threats. It highlights the evolution of hybrid campaigns with novel examples and explores how current and new technologies may or will impact the hybrid ‘battlefield’.
This booklet complements our Strategic Monitor study that utilized horizon scanning to analyze trends in hybrid conflict.
This booklet is a product of the TNO research program “Resilience to Hybrid Threats (V1925)”.