A Horizon Scan of Trends and Developments in Hybrid Conflicts set to shape 2020 and beyond

February 20th 2020 - 09:00

In collaboration with TNO, we present this booklet on trends and developments in hybrid conflicts set to shape 2020 and beyond. To read, click here

Hybrid threats are one of the main security challenges Western democracies currently struggle with. Hybrid threats are in the news, mostly framed or wrapped in specific ‘hybrid’ phenomena such as disinformation, foreign meddling in elections and cyber hacks. Meanwhile, instruments and technologies that drive these threats develop with ever increasing speed.

This horizon scan, based on literature and media scanning, expert sessions and information exchanges with international peer institutes, captures important current and emerging trends and developments in hybrid conflicts and threats. It highlights the evolution of hybrid campaigns with novel examples and explores how current and new technologies may or will impact the hybrid ‘battlefield’.

This booklet complements our Strategic Monitor study that utilized horizon scanning to analyze trends in hybrid conflict. 

This booklet is a product of the TNO research program “Resilience to Hybrid Threats (V1925)”.

Download the booklet by clicking on the PDF button on the right.

Bianca Torossian is a Research Fellow at HCSS. She contributed to a range of projects commissioned by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Dutch Ministry of Defence and NATO. She primarily focusses on the intersection between emerging technologies and conflict, with multiple publications to her name on hybrid and cyber conflict.
Frank Bekkers is Director of the Security Program. He studied Applied Mathematics at the University of Amsterdam and spent most of his career at the Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), specializing in the area of Defence, Safety & Security. At TNO, he held a range of positions, including program manager, senior research scientist, group manager and account director. From 1996-1997, he worked as program manager for Call Media and Intelligent Networks for the telecom company KPN. His current position at HCSS combines shaping HCSS’s portfolio concerning defense and security-related projects with hands-on participation in a number of key projects.